Construction of the Nord Stream Pipeline began in finnish waters
* Finnish section of the first pipeline to be completed in early 2011
The pipelay vessel Castoro Sei arrived in the Finnish Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) on schedule and continued construction of the Nord Stream Pipeline moving from the Swedish EEZ to the Finnish EEZ yesterday. A first short section of the construction of the 375 kilometres long Finnish part of the Nord Stream Pipeline will be laid during the summer. The majority of the Finnish section will be constructed during late autumn and winter 2010 after completion of the Russian landfall. So far, approximately 175 kilometres of the first pipeline has been installed, starting in the Swedish EEZ off Gotland.
Two vessels will be used for pipe laying in the Finnish EEZ
Saipem’s anchored Castoro Sei vessel will be performing the pipe laying during summer and early autumn only in the westernmost part of the Gulf of Finland, starting from east to west between kilometre points (KP) 498-350 (counting of KPs starts at the Russian landfall in Portovaya Bay at KP 0 and ends in Lubmin at the German landfall at KP 1,224). Castoro Sei will lay approximately 20 kilometres of the pipeline in the Finnish EEZ during the summer. She will transit to Russian waters to construct the landfall, and return to the Finnish EEZ again early autumn.
The majority of route in the Gulf of Finland, approximately 230 kilometres of the pipeline between KP 123-350 will be laid in late autumn and winter 2010, starting from the direction of the Russian-Finnish EEZ border with the Allseas’ dynamically positioned (no anchoring) vessel Solitaire. This way it is possible to minimize impacts to other marine traffic in the congested Gulf of Finland. The pipeline sections laid from the opposite directions will be welded together on the seabed at KP 297.
The pipelay vessels will be supplied continuously with concrete weight coated steel pipes, each about 12-metres long and weighing about 23 tonnes. While operating in the Gulf of Finland, the pipes will be shipped to the vessels from Kotka and Hanko, Finland.
Environmental factors have been taken into account
Before starting the construction of the two parallel 1,153 mm diameter pipelines, Nord Stream went through a permitting process involving all nine states surrounding the Baltic Sea. Detailed transboundary and national environmental impact assessments were carried out based on detailed studies of the Baltic Sea region. Nord Stream invested more than 100 million euros in environmental surveys and route planning. This led to the development of an environmental monitoring programme, to show all safety and environmental requirements are met, as well as development of the pipe-laying schedule, accounting for e.g. the breeding period of seals or the spawning season of certain fish.
Safety zones will ensure the safety of ship traffic
Mariners will be informed in advance of all activities related to construction (Notice to Mariners), and there will be warnings in the affected areas through the NAVTEX (Navigational Telex) system and through VHF security broadcasts. All vessels used in the Nord Stream project will follow the COLREG regulations by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to prevent vessels from colliding. Safety zones will be set up around the vessels used in the construction works. The safety zones will be closed to other traffic during the operations.
Nord Stream’s first pipeline is scheduled to be ready in 2011. The construction of the second pipeline will start in spring 2011, and it is scheduled to be operational in 2012. When completed, the Nord Stream Pipeline will transport 55 billion cubic metres of natural gas a year which enough gas to supply approximately 26 million European households.
Download a pamphlet of the construction of the pipeline here: http://www.nord-stream.com/fileadmin/Dokumente/1__PDF/5__Misc/Nord_Stream_Building_an_Offshore_Pipeline_ENG.pdf
• Compiler´s choice - More News Releases
• Archive 2005. News Releases